My favourite from Memecenter: One Piece:
Really suits the character of the characters.
You can look up at memes referenced yourself at Know Your Memes, thankyouverymuch.
In the vein of earlier posts Civilization 5 Best Stories, Share Your Skyrim Best Moments, Funny, Cool and Other Left 4 Dead 2 Stories, Plants vs Zombies Survival: Endless – Scott’s Setup, The Most Embarassing Ways to Die in Alien Swarm, andGratuitous Space Battles Quick Tips.
The Radiant team were making an obvious push to take down our third tower on top. Playing as Warlock, I had already gotten quite a bit of success with my ultimate Chaotic Offering which was now at Level 3 – and with both Aghanim’s Sceptre and Refresher Orb thanks to the accumulate gold I’d earned!
With my freshly purchased Shadow Amulet (activate to become invisible as long as you don’t move or act), I moved to a little bit below the tower and went invisible to await the coming assault.
When the enemy team arrived, my allies initiated the clash. Then I quickly broke invisibility and moved in with Fatal Bonds (20% of all damage taken by a chained enemy is also dumped onto every other chained enemy), followed by a Chaotic Offering dropping two Golems onto the enemies’ heads for instant damage, Immolation area damage and Golem attack damage… Resulting in an immediate two kills.
With the remaining enemies stunned from the Golem drop, I followed up right away with Refresher Orb to reset my cooldowns and Chaotic Offering again dropping another two Golems, for another two kills. ULTRA KILL!!! A bountiful harvest all in the space of maybe 5 seconds, to my own surprise!
If the enemy Lifestealer hadn’t been at the bottom lane farming, it would probably have been a 5-enemies killed RAMPAGE.
Playing as Nature’s Prophet. Our team had been doing well from the start, but towards the end of the game the enemy team was outpacing us… Mostly due to Phantom Lancer who was all itemed up and hard to kill due to his multiple illusions clogging up the field. And also quite due to our Night Stalker who chided us not to feed, then promptly got himself killed mutiple times. Including once with an Aegis of the Immortal, promptly wasting it (which I warned that he would surely do!).
Anyway, I was defending against a hero-less creep wave and tossed out my ultimate Nature’s Wrath (damage jumps to many visible enemies across the map)… And to our surprise, the dominating Phantom Lancer was killed by it! Cussing from said player ensued.
Sheer luck, and so totally sweet!
Playing Single Draft which is my current preference because:
1) I don’t always see Sniper, Riki, Spirit Breaker every single game.
2) Equalizer of sorts because the better, but narrowly skilled, players don’t always get to use the heroes they are good at.
3) If I lose, I can blame the bad random allotment lol.
Anyway, I got Sniper as one of my choices. Woohoo! First time Sniper in Dota 2. Apart from a perfect 25-0 score where I mainly just walked up to an enemy and auto-attacked him to death (Orb of Venom helps), or they were still hanging around with less than 500 HP, two fun notes:
Shadow Amulet saved me from dying in a teamfight, no kidding. With two enemies left standing, I decided to activate it at around my 200HP remaining rather than run. By the time it turned me invis, I had less than 100HP left.
Poor Broodmother meanwhile got a nasty surprise by letting her guard down while in the ‘safety’ of her invisibility-granting webs. A simple purchase of Dust of Appearance and she was bugmeat. The second time she managed to run into the trees and escape. The third, she remained still while I chipped off her health – apparently unaware of, or confused by, the drop in HP when she was supposedly invisible.
Three separate instances of surprisingly super-long-range hits.
First as Gyrocopter, I launched a Heat Seeking Missile at Nature’s Prophet who was in the middle of teleporting. The missile took off and he disappeared… And the missile tracked him all the way across the map to finally impact. Which he noted with a lol.
Second as Weaver, I auto attacked Queen of Pain who ran back into base as my first swarm followed her. My Geminate Attack activated and released the second swarm when the first swarm hit, by which time Queen of Pain was well inside her base and still running. The second swarm finally hit waaaaay offscreen and killed her. Which my ally noted with a lol.
Third, my ally as Gyrocopter launched a Missile while the enemy ran… And ran… and Blink Daggered… And ran! All the way from almost in our Radiant base to just inside their Dire base. It finally hit, and Gyro who kept chasing almost hit the target to death too! 3/4 of the map at least.
Playing as Bane, my team’s attempted gank went badly and we were getting pwned in the teamfight. Running for my worthless life, with two still-healthy enemies chasing, I cast Nightmare on myself as a last ditch attempt to stall for time in the hope that someone would save me.
Within 3 seconds the damage from Nightmare had pwned myself. Denied! Hahaha!
How not to counter Bounty Hunter
From the start of the match it was clear that this would be lopsided, one way or another… My team was mostly melee carries (I as Bounty Hunter, Kunkka as my lane partner, etc) against Crsytal Maiden, Lina, Nature’s Prophet, Twin Head Dragon and Outworld Devourer. If we had a good start, our carries would overwhelm the enemy by the late game. If the enemy could start strong and keep up the pressure, they would win before the late game ever materialized.
So expecting early harass, my starting buys were Stout Shield and Ring of Regeneration. Me and Kunkka ran into a solo Crystal Maiden (solo!!! Crystal Maiden!!!). I tell you, the number of times she spammed Crystal Nova, that ring more than repaid its equivalence to the 1,400 HP that would have been healed by Healing Salves (one of Crystal Maiden’s own salves I interrupted halfway with a Shuriken Toss btw). I played safe instead of trying to rush a kill (which in my experience never seems to turn out well from early game all the way to affecting the end game).
Elsewhere, my allies were indeed getting their butts kicked to the point of declaring an early ‘gg’. I responded that as carries we could still win the game, and to be patient as I rushed a BKB. Meanwhile our towers fell in succession, especially to a constantly pushing Nature’s Prophet (whom I twice found hard to pin down without a proper stun to stop his Teleport).
Indeed, once I bought that magic bullet, I charged into an enemy push and basically slaughtered them. My first appearance in their midst (after Track + Shuriken Toss to farm an almost dead Twin Head Dragon who was far from the rest) was met by an immediate Dragon Slave and Light Strike Array from Lina, plus Crystal Nova from Crystal Maiden – which would very likely have pwned me except that I was magic immune! The kill count went from 13 – 24 in the enemy’s favour when I first activated the BKB, to a complete rout teamfight after teamfight. Track on each enemy before finishing them spilled plentiful gold which led to more items – including eventually THREE major anti-spell gear (Black King Bar, Planeswalker’s Cloak, Linken’s Sphere).
They weren’t fully dissuaded (or were aware that my ascendance meant they had to end the game quickly), and kept team pushing. Each time I would run into their midst with Wind Walk invisibility, wait for someone to stray ever so slightly from the group, then slaughter him or her.
Before each foray I’d click on each enemy to check for detection items. The closest they ever came was two charges of Dust of Appearance – two charges, throughout the entire match. No Sentry Wards which would have forced me to wasted a slot on detection items.
And the kicker? Two of them scrummed up the gold to complete Shadow Blades! Against Bounty Hunter’s Track! Crsytal Maiden even responded to one mid-game beatdown by standing still – what on earth? Then she started to fade… Shadow Amulet! Well played in other situations (see my Sniper Gear recollection above), but just so sad against Bounty Hunter.
Random Rampage, killsteal block, and tradeoffs
As Morphling, I built into a carry – going for Butterfly first. With it completed, we all ended up in a teamfight where I just auto-attacked – not activating my Waveform or Adaptive Strike. Through sheer luck, I ended up last hitting all five enemy heroes – RAMPAGE!!! Although my high Agility translating to fast attack speed and high damage surely contributed.
My ally Sniper, on the other hand, was actively trying to killsteal every chance he got. He did end up with 3 kills higher than mine. At one point, an enemy Abaddon was trying to escape when Sniper’s Assassinate! icon appeared on him. I immediately used Waveform to catch up to Abaddon followed by Adaptive Strike which just managed to kill Abaddon an instant before Sniper’s ultimate launched.
Finally, this particular match had lots of tradeoffs where two opponents end up killing one another. In fact, at the very start all four of us on the bottom lane ended up dead, with the last two trading slow-moving projectile autoattacks!
Playing as Zeus, once I hit level 6 most of the game was basically running up to the enemy and zapping them to death in a few seconds. I tried not to kill steal, waiting if I saw that my team was handling their own gank okay before using zapping if the enemy was escping. 25 kills by the end of the game. Enemy Doom commended my good team, I replied tongue-in-cheek that if by that he meant they’re good at charging into team fights like meat shields so that everyone is distracted and hits them while I walk in and zap, then yes, I agree. He lol’ed.
What An Ice Day
Playing as Tiny with Spirit Breaker on my lane. We were waiting patiently for level 6 (more powerful Toss and Nether Strike) so we have an edge in taking out our rivals on the lane. Suddenly our ally Ancient Apparition’s ultimate landed in their midst out of nowhere – no warning from him either! – and we grabbed the opportunity to rush in with Charge of Darkness and Rock Slide + Toss. Two kills, lovely!
Via AoSHQ, Twitchy revealed Matt Yglesias @mattyglesias saying that tax rates do not affect pricing.
His logic goes thusly:
No. Taxes are paid on profits not sales. It’s irrelevant to pricing. – @mattyglesias
I had to stop and think it over. With pen and paper and a calculator.
It took all of 3 minutes to compare the following:
Joe and Jane both sell the same widgets.
Widget cost is $1 a piece.
For inexplicable political reasons, Joe is taxed 15% (on nett profits, not sales as Matt Yglesias correctly states) while poor Jane is taxed 20%.
If Jane sells each widget at $3 a piece, she will have after-tax take-home money of (3.00 – 1.00) x (100% – 20%) = $1.60 a piece.
Whereas Joe can undercut her by selling widgets at $2.90 a piece, and he will have after-tax take-home money of (2.90 – 1.00) x (100% – 15%) = $1.615 a piece… More than Jane gets even though he sells cheaper!
Three minutes to prove that different tax rates can incentivize different pricing.
So which is it, is Matt Yglesias too lazy or too blinkered to do one measly page of basic high school maths?
And to close, this is probably a fitting graphic (WARNING, THE FOLLOWING MAY MELT THE BRAINS OF LIBERALS AS SUNLIGHT VAPORIZES VAMPIRES!):
Also, for excellent coverage of whether Zimmerman is a depraved killer vigilante as the Trayvonistas accuse… See Legal Insurrection’s trial coverage, in particular the defense’s closing arguments debunking the various lame attacks by the prosecution.
Funny how the Tea Parties don’t see this kind of violence and lawlessness, despite their immense size.
As Fire Andrea Mitchell says: ” I don’t remember any whites rioting after that ridiculous [OJ Simpson] verdict either.”
Like I’ve said of Hamas supporters before, if Trayvon supporters are all about peace and harmony, why are they so violent and hateful?
“Oh hey, let’s show our support for JUSTICE by beating up people who have no connection to the case whatsoever!”
“One of them was hitting the windshield and I was just screaming, ‘We’ve got to get to the hospital,’ and they were screaming and chanting,” Georgia’s daughter said. “All I could think of was, I got to get my granddaughter to the hospital.”
That’s when Georgia rolled down the window to reason with the frenzied protesters. They responded by assaulting her.
“She said, ‘We’re trying to get my granddaughter to the hospital,’ and a guy just started hitting her,” her daughter recalled.
But 10 to 15 juveniles went into a store at a Chevron gas station near Bear Valley Road and Balsam Avenue and reportedly opened items and left without paying, authorities said.
A large group of people gathered at the Mall of Victor Valley parking lot and tried to force their way into the mall. They were stopped by security guards who locked the doors.
“One of the boys had a handgun out and it was pointed at the back of him,” Dudley said in an interview.
They caught up to the man at the corner of Fairmount and N. Streeper Street, and the male with the gun beat the victim with what appeared to be his gun while others kicked and stomped him, Dudley said.
“They were just yelling and calling him names as they ran after him, but once they were hitting him and after that they started yelling, “This is for Trayvon, [expletive],” said Dudley, who heard the chant repeated multiple times.
[Me: Wait, I thought the lib media told me Zimmerman was a White guy with White privilege???]
They say it’s alleged, but we suppose that’s a mere formality now. We all know what went on, we just don’t have the perpetrators who could look like Obama’s sons.
“One of them asked, ‘Do you know who Trayvon Martin was?’” Holts quoted the man as saying. At that point, the men in the vehicle allegedly attacked him.
Memphis television station WREG reported the assailants allegedly told the victim, “This is for Trayvon.”
Protesters ran through Los Angeles streets, stopping traffic, breaking windows and at one point raiding a Wal-Mart store, and a major freeway was blocked in the San Francisco Bay Area in the third night of protests in California over George Zimmerman’s Florida acquittal in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin.
Paramedics arrive to tend to waiter hit with hammer-like object by vandal outside Flora uptown Oakland @insidebay… http://www.tout.com/m/ieqi6e?ref=tw0z4b1u …
At the end of the event, people recognized Breitbart News’ Brandon Darby and asked him to hang himself and directed numerous slurs toward him. The police had to intervene to keep Darby safe from the crowd.
At one point in the march someone standing along the side of the road held up a sign that said people in hoodies weren’t welcome in his neighborhood.
Quanell X saw the sign but did nothing. Moments later the man was almost captured by others marching with the New black Panther Party before he narrowly escaped behind police lines.
Monday night, when small groups of rogue protesters broke away from peaceful demonstrations and wreaked havoc along Crenshaw Boulevard in Los Angeles.
City Terrace resident Cuauhtemoc Negrete, who came for Monday’s march, was standing at the corner of Vernon Avenue and Crenshaw when he found himself singled out by some of the agitators. He didn’t see who punched him in the back of the head. Another person grabbed his bike and rode off.
He said he felt he was targeted because he was Latino.
Calls started flooding into dispatchers about 8:30 p.m. of roaming groups of youths, about 10 or 15 to a group, running into streets, stealing from stores and robbing pedestrians.
FUNNY HOW TEA PARTIES NEVER GET ‘HIJACKED’ IN THAT WAY…
The most tenuous of links.
Excerpt of accusation from The Star;
Turn yourself in, police tell bloggers
KUALA LUMPUR: Inspector-General of Police Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar has asked controversial bloggers Alvin Tan and Vivian Lee to surrender to the police here.
Khalid said their actions had caused anger in certain quarters, which in turn had indirectly caused a man to be abducted and graffiti to be written on his body in Shah Alam.
“The motive for that (abduction) was revenge for what Alvin and Vivian did,” he said at a press conference in Bukit Aman here yesterday.
Last Thursday, the couple uploaded on their Facebook page a picture of them eating bak kut teh (a pork dish) and at the same time putting up a Selamat Berbuka Puasa (breaking of fast for Muslims) greeting.
Khalid explained that in addition to the investigation carried out by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC), the pair were also investigated by police for uttering words with deliberate intent to insult Islam.
Khalid said the abduction happened around 3am yesterday when the victim, 24, was taken by a group of men while having a meal with his girlfriend at a restaurant.
The group allegedly stripped the victim and took him to a wooded area before beating him up.
They also wrote “Saya Hina Agama Islam (I Insulted Islam)” on his body.
Khalid said police were investigating allegations that the victim had posted insensitive religious comments on Facebook and Twitter.
Now I don’t agree with what Alvin and Vivian did. It’s infantile, unwise, disrespectful and uncompassionate.
But hey police, what kind of rumour-mongering ‘investigation’ led to your conclusion on the motive???
Total debunk of UMNOligarchy narrative from The Malaysian Insider:
My case has nothing to do with sex bloggers, says youth who was abducted
The youth who was abducted and assaulted by a group of men in Shah Alam and had the words “Saya hina Islam” written on his body said his case had nothing to do with the hot issue involving the controversial sex bloggers’ Ramadhan photograph.
Ng Mun Tatt, 21, said he was abducted for money and that the words ‘Saya hina Islam’ were a tactic by his assailants so that he would be beaten by the public if he tried to escape.
Ng said he is stunned how his photograph taken at a police station was leaked and went viral on Facebook even before his statement could be taken by the police.
“I was more shocked when the police said yesterday my case was triggered by the sex bloggers’ case,” he said at a Press conference in Klang today.
“I don’t even know anything about them, nor have I offended anyone recently.”
It was the Inspector-General of Police Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar who told reporters in Bukit Aman yesterday that Ng’s case could have been triggered by sex bloggers Alvin Tan and Vivian Lee’s controversial Ramadhan greetings photograph of bak kut teh on Facebook.
Or is it a top-down instruction by the UMNOligarchy seeking to add fuel to the bonfire they want to burn Alvin and Vivian at stake on?
Comments from the Inspector-General of Police Khalid Bakar that a case involving a 21-year-old Chinese man who was abducted while having drinks with his girlfriend also raised eyebrows, casting doubt once again on Khalid’s neutrality and professionalism as a police officer.
Khalid had linked the abduction to the Alvin and Vivian incident.
Khalid, known for his political inclinations and accused of subservience to top Umno leaders, has yet to explain his remarks.
Based on Ng’s account, Khalid’s words would be untrue and unfair to Alvin and Vivian as they prepare to defend themselves in court.
Speculation is also swirling that Khalid was again trying to please his political bosses and scare-mongering by implying that Alvin and Vivian had sparked off a chain of race-hate attacks.
And it’s disgusting double standards once again.
Do any of us really think that if people were attacked or places of worship firebombed by perpetrators citing inspiration from Perkasa and local media, Ibrahim Ali would be told to cease his incendiary rhetoric and Spewtusan told to close shop at long, overdue last? Or Hajjah Siti Inshah or all the many racists infesting in racist-to-the-last UMNO???
UPDATE: Well I’m fully satisfied with this explanation /sarc
Perkasa chief Ibrahim Ali’s urging to burn Bibles containing the word ‘Allah’ cannot be compared with the present case against the sex bloggers Alvin Tan dan Vivian Lee for insulting Muslims, said the urban wellbeing, housing and local government minister.
Abdul Rahman Dahlan ( right in photo ) said Ibrahim had already explained that his urging was merely to correct the error of printing the said Bibles, and burning them was the proper thing to do just as Muslims burn copies of the Quran that have misprints.
The acts of the couple, dubbed ‘Alvivi’, however were aimed at attacking another religion, and could threaten interfaith harmony, he added.
“What Ibrahim Ali said was normal, but various portals twisted the statement saying it was an urging to burn the Bible. That is incorrect,” he said, however clarifying that Malaysiakini was not amongst the said portals.
He was commenting when asked after launching an Ops Raya and Anti-Littering campaign in Kuala Lumpur today.
Abdul Rahman further explained why Alvivi deserved punishment.
“This pair put forth more that goes against the people of Malaysia,” he said.
“What I worry about is that if we do not take specific action, it would involve friction among religions,” he added, noting that Alvivi were also infamous in Singapore.
Abdul Rahman was also asked about Zulkifli Noordin’s statement that angered Hindus before, but he did not comment on it…
Lin Guan Eng and Tony Pua are having none of it:
DAP secretary-general Lim Guan Eng, however, was aghast.
“This is a shocking statement. How can it be proper for Ibrahim Ali to say that the threat to burn the Bibles was simply to correct the holy book?” Lim asked.
He also said it was not logical for Abdul Rahman to say that Ibrahim’s urging to burn Bibles cannot be compared with the present case of the “bak kut teh” bloggers Alvin Tan and Vivian Lee for insulting Muslims.
Lim said that by failing to act against Ibrahim, it could be concluded that insults against non-Islamic religions were permitted.
Lim, while stating that DAP supported action to be taken against the two bloggers, questioned why Ibrahim was not similarly punished for threatening interfaith harmony.
“For Abdul Rahman to even state that Ibrahim Ali’s threat to burn the Bible was normal, is a reflection that both of them share a twisted mind that is anti non-Muslim, which has clearly buried the prime minister’s 1Malaysia concept,” Lim said.
Lim also questioned why no action was taken against Perkasa’s vice-president Datuk Zulkifli Nordin for his anti-Hindu statements.
Pua said the MP’s response as to why Ibrahim Ali’s Bible burning threat cannot be compared with the present case against bloggers Alvin Tan and Vivian Lee for insulting Muslims “certainly takes the cake”.
“No right-thinking Malaysian would believe the explanation that Ibrahim’s fiery and emotional remark was just an innocent and virtuous attempt to “correct the error of printing” in the bibles. And even in the unlikely earth-shattering event that it was, that is no defence against the current Sedition Act,” Pua pointed out.
He added that the clear double-standards in the Malaysian prosecution system proves the hypocrisy of 1Malaysia.
From Malaysian Insider:
In Putrajaya, some believe earlier action against extremists would have deterred sex bloggers post
They believe that firm action against the likes of Datuk Ibrahim Ali for his threat to burn Malay bibles and Datuk Zulkifli Noordin for disparaging the Hindu religion would have been a deterrent for similar action by others.
“Firm action should have been taken before. Instead, we now have people pushing the envelope to see where the limits are,” a Barisan Nasional (BN) source told The Malaysian Insider in Kuala Lumpur.
“This might not have happened if others who provoked and incited along similar lines had been charged in court for sedition,” he said, pointedly referring to Ibrahim and Zulkifli.
From Malaysian Insider:
Stop this public lynching – Lim Teck Ghee
Let us not forget that prominent politicians guilty of even more in your face racial and religious taunting have got away scot free, with the last notable racist political figure even put up as a candidate during the recent election. And what about even earlier incidents such as kris brandishing?
From Malaysian Insider:
Free Alvivi, charge real hate speech makers
Now let’s look at the real hate speech makers out there that have actual intentions of hate and are getting away with it scot-free.
First up is Ridhuan Tee Abdullah who, week after week, spews out condemnation on non-Muslims and non-Malays in his newspaper column (although a non-Malay himself).
What happens to him? He gets the backing of the ruling political powers who obligingly launches his books and introduces him at public “ceramahs”.
Then there is Datuk Zulkifli Noordin who seems to have a vengeance against Malaysians who are of the Hindu persuasion, and belittles and insults the religion.
He becomes a “friend” of our ruling political powers and is even given a ticket to contest in the general election (thank Ganesha he lost!).
But the one that takes the cake has to be Malaysia’s number one chief hate speech maker, Datuk Ibrahim Ali, or who a journalist friend of mine likes to call “Comical Ali”.
Here’s a person who can actually get away with threatening to burn a holy book, the Bible nonetheless, and continues to be given the media limelight.
“Comical Ali” is whole-heartedly fighting against freedom of religion in Malaysia and constantly pushing his agenda of Malay supremacy. It’s like Hitler incarnate.
More social media takes on it at NGOs allege BIAS on part of Attorney-General!.
HAH! Now the UMNOpocrisy will be exposed directly!
Gobi cited the charges against bloggers Alvin Tan and Vivian Lee as well as the AG’s refusal to charge Perkasa vice-president Zulkifli Noordin as proof of selective prosecution.
“We welcome this news of charges against the bloggers because we don’t want anyone to insult any religion, but the AG has to take action in all cases (of religions being insulted)” he said.
“Are we being told that one photo on Facebook is sufficient evidence and that a YouTube video isn’t?” he asked in reference to the video allegedly showing Zulkifli insulting the Hindu faith.
Despite the NGOs having lodged a police report against Zulkifli, Gobi said the police later informed them that the AG’s Chambers decided not to proceed because of “insufficient evidence.”
Meanwhile, Mipas president P Raja Retinam said no one was above the law and accused the AG of only serving the interests of one community.
“He only wants to protect Muslims but what about us non-Muslims? Who is protecting us?” he asked.
Still waiting for Datuk Zulkifli Noordin to be charged with sedition or some law for uttering insulting words against Hindus? No Further Action.
Still waiting for Datuk Ibrahim Ali to be charged with threatening to burn Malay-language bibles? No Further Action.
Still waiting for Home Minister Datuk Seri Zahid Hamidi to be charged with causing grievous hurt? No Further Action.
Still waiting for Malaysia’s Attorney-General Tan Sri Abdul Gani Patail to take action against the rich and powerful implicated in the judicial fixing appointments laid bare by the Royal Commission of Inquiry? Do Not Bother.
In the case of Alvivi, the AG charged them within a week of their Facebook post becoming public knowledge.
This blog post is for the purpose of responding to the claims made by Kaleef K. Karim at Discover The Truth – Isaiah 9:6 Messiah God? (a site which purports to be ‘Calling Humanity back to Islam’ which should give you an idea of the author’s views).
It’s been a long time since I did an exhaustive and time-consuming point-by-point rebuttal, and I do enjoy it.
In blockquotes are Discover The Truth’s original postings. I respond in non-blockquoted text.
Note I do not believe Isaiah 9:6 is anything to do with Jesus being God or if it is a future Prophecy of him, I believe Isaiah 9:6 is referring to Hezekiah.
The King Messiah Project points out that Hezekiah was 39 years old at the time Isaiah uttered this passage. Hardly fits a the ‘child is born’ aspect. He also lost favour in God’s sight and his lineage eventually did not inherit the throne of David.
Apart from that, multiple other criteria revealed throughout Isaiah 9 simply do not fit a mortal, fallible king who rules over times of sin and strife!
1. Here is what Isaiah 9:6 says:
What does the word “El” mean? Does the word “El” refer to God alone?
As Kaleef K. Karim rightly demonstrates following the above, El does not always and only refer to God. This is actually a very minor matter that he blows up for exaggeration, I will deal with this further down this section.
Ezekiel 32:21 The strong (El) among the mighty (gibor) shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
The above verse 32:21 is used in plural. Since the words “El” and “gibor” are used simultaneously together, are the people referred to Divine like Yahweh?
To summarize, he argues that because El gibor is used in Ezekiel 32 to refer to humans, this shows that the use of El gibor in Isaiah 9 is not necessarily a reference to God.
However he avoids bringing up the very next chapter of Isaiah, which clearly uses El-Gibor to refer to God:
And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. The remnant shall return, [even] the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God (El gibor) – Isaiah 10:20-21 KJV
Kudos to this site for pointing that out, as well as bringing up another clearly divine reference for El gibor in Jeremiah 32:18.
Isaiah 10 is a much stronger comparison and basis for deciding on Isaiah 9, as it appears in the same book of prophetic visions by the same author… And just one chapter ahead too!
Thus there is a clear rationale for interpreting Isaiah 9′s use of El gibor as refering to the divine God.
(In fact this reminds me of the tactic used by another Muslim apologist and polemicist against Christianity, Ahmad Deedat, who similarly quoted Bible passages while omitting closely following passages that would immediately defeat his own argument.)
Just to note though that Ezekiel 32 actually uses El gibor next to each other the same way that Isaiah 9 and Isaiah 10 have them. See the Interlinear link below.
Finally, context is always important. If you read immediately after Isaiah 9:6 you will find:
Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this. – Isaiah 9:7 NIV
Now what merely human king could possibly rule with no end and forever?
Isaiah 9:6 and Ezekiel are both the same except in Ezekiel 32:21 it is used in plural. If Christian Missionaries are so truthful and consistent why don’t they write in their Trinitarian Bible Translations “Mighty Gods” in capitals for Ezekiel 32:21?
Like I said, context is important when it comes to interpreting – and even translating – the Bible, since words in the original Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek can have several meanings.
For example, in Mark 10:7 most English translations use the word ‘wife’. The actual Greek word used is goonay which means ‘woman’ and in suitable cases means ‘wife’. However in Mark 10:7, the context of the passage, i.e. marriage clearly justifies the usage of ‘wife’ rather than ‘woman’.
This is a complete non-issue even in our modern everyday usage. For example, if I were to write down “Let’s eat at a buffet” and later “The strong winds buffet us”, you would not translate both instances of the word to mean ‘food’!
In fact, the interpretation of the Quran itself is subject to the same word having different meanings depending on the context. So, tu quoque.
2. Isaiah 9:6 is not talking about a future prophecy
How can Isaiah 9:6 be a prophecy of Jesus if the incident already took place before the coming of the Messiah (Jesus)? Read the words at the start: “has been born to us, a son has.” It doesn’t make sense does it? Something that happened before Jesus, but somehow Trinitarians try to say “this is a Prophecy of Jesus” is a ridiculous claim.
First off, there is no ‘past tense’ in Hebrew, but rather ‘Perfect’ (completed) and ‘Imperfect’ (to be completed). That said, there is also a special ‘Prophetic Perfect’ that uses ‘Perfect’ because the prophet sees the future, from the vantage point of which the event already happened‘.
Even taking the entirety of Isaiah 9 to be a reference to a bygone historical event is not a problem, as I hold that Biblical passages can have multiple applications – historical, general and prophetic – and even more than one application simultaneously.
For example, Genesis 3:15 can be taken to be historical (Eve angry at the Serpent for tricking her), general (most people hate snakes instinctively) or prophetic (Jesus crushing the power of sin). I take it to be all three simultaneously.
Hence there is no issue with Isaiah 9 with regards to its prophetic application.
3. Christian and Non-Christian Scholars, see what they have to say on Isaiah 9:6:
This section gives quotes from several references to argue that El gibor does not (or does not always) refer to God. I’ve already addressed comprehensively this in my response to Point 1.
Kaleef K. Karim also cites 16 Christian denominations that contributed to a Bible translation that renders El gibor as ‘mighty hero’.
All the above is an example of the logical fallacy argumentum ad auctoritatem – just because so-and-so say so, doesn’t mean they are absolutely, indisputably correct and we must agree with their conclusions!
Or would Kaleef K. Karim accept a similar argument from an atheist who cites so-and-so professors or historians who believe that the Quran is not divinely inspired? I daresay not. Hence, argumentum ad auctoritatem is discouraged for those who live in glass houses.
Plenty (dare I say, most) of the other Bible translations render El gibor as ‘mighty God’ – what about their authority?
And how about this authority (the following blockquote is from Nazarene Space and not Discover The Truth):
In fact the Targum Jonathan to Isaiah 9:6-7 clearly identifies the figure spoken of in Is. 9:6-7 as the Messiah.
“The prophet says to the house of David, A child has been born to us, a son has been given to us; and he has taken the law upon himself to keep it, and his name has been called from of old, Wonderful counselor, Mighty God, he who lives forever, the Messiah, in whose days peace shall increase upon us”
(Targum Jonathan Is. 9:6)
And we read in the Midrash Rabbah:
Rabbi Jose the Galilean says: The name of the Messiah too is
“peace”; as it is written: “God the mighty, the everlasting Father,
the ruler of peace” (Quoting Is. 9:5-6 (6-7))
(PEREK HA SHALOM; NUMBERS RABBAH XI, 16-20)
He said to him: ‘I have yet to raise up the Messiah,’ of whom it is written, For a child is born to us (Isa. IX, 5). Until I come unto my Lord unto Seir (Gen. XXXIII, I4). R. Samuel b. Nahman said: We have searched all the Scriptures and we have nowhere found [it stated] that Jacob ever came together with Esau at Seir. What then is the meaning of, ‘Unto Seir’? Jacob [meant] to say to him: ‘I have yet to raise up judges and saviours to exact punishment from you.’ Whence this? For it is said, And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau (Obad. I, 21). Israel asked God: ‘Master of the Universe, how long shall we remain subjected to him?’ He replied: ‘Until the day comes of which it is written, There shall step forth a star out of Jacob and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel (Num. XXIV, 17); when a star shall step forth from Jacob and devour the stubble of Esau.’
(Midrash Rabbah – Deuteronomy I:20)
And we read in the Zohar:
“As for the expression El Gibbor, the whole verse in which this occurs in an epitome of the holy supernal faith. The word “Wonderful” alludes to the supernal Wisdom, which is wondrous and concealed beyond the reach of all; “Counsellor” is the supernal stream which issues forth perennially and counsels all and waters all; “El” refers to Abraham, “Gibbor” to Issac, and “Everlasting Father” to Jacob, who lays hold of both sides and attains perfection. The “Prince of Peace” is the Zaddik, who brings peace to the world, peace to the House, peace to the Matrona.”
So even the ancient sages understood Isaiah 9:5-6 (6-7 in some editions) to refer to a FUTURE MESSIAH.
Hence there are many ‘Christian and non-Christian scholars’ who apply Isaiah 9 to the Messiah, God with us.
4. Jesus: “prince of Peace?”
Kaleef K. Karim cites several instances where Jesus states He did not come to bring peace, or encourages rather violent-seeming things.
This is quite straightforward to sort out (and also addresses arguments that Jesus had no kingdom, etc):
A) Jesus’ focus is primarily on the spiritual, i.e. the peace He brings is between God and humanity.
B) Jesus’ role is not fully completed; He is scheduled to return to judge and rule over a millenium of peace, in the end followed by eternal peace. Emphasis, in the end. As long as peace comes in the end and is henceforth unbroken, it fits the idea of ‘peace with no end’.
In specific, Matthew 10 and Luke 12 as a whole have Jesus warning that to follow Him woukd be no cakewalk – but to follow Him nonetheless, as He would be faithful and acknowledge those who stick with Him through the trials to come.
Luke 22:36 meanwhile does have Jesus mention ‘buying swords’ – but verse 37 immediately following after explains that this is only to fulfill a Messianic prophecy. Other parts of Luke 22 show Jesus clearly avoiding and forbidding violence – although He clearly had the power to inflict it. Kudos to Anwering Islam for stating is clearly and succintly. Further corroboration is even at Wikipedia. Meanwhile, LoveYourEnemies.org takes it to be a justification of limited self-defence with many, many warnigns and caveats.
Once again, Kaleef K. Karim omits the important context that serves to clarify the excerpts – even one single verse following his chosen excerpt. Tut, tut. Ahmad Deedat would be proud.
He does come somewhat closer on Luke 19′s parable of the ten minas though – except as I mentioned as my Point A, Jesus is speaking of the spiritual doom and punishment that will be meted out before the throne of judgment.
And as mentioned in my Point B, many in the physical world will actually violently attack Christ during the Second Coming and after the Millenial Reign (led by the devil himself) – they will receive their physical and spiritual punishment as is just. And in the very end, there will be everlasting peace. For if they were not judged and winnowed out, how would there be peace for the rest of the world?
5. There is “one God” and there is none else besides Him:
The old Testament rejects the “Trinity”, it clearly states there is no god besides God, there is nothing equal to God.
Kaleef K. Karim cites several passages to argue that God is one and only.
This is not a problem for the Trinitarian, as we believe that God is one and only, while simultaneously being three persons. For how this could possibly make sense, first consider that the human mind cannot fully comprehend things like infinity and timelessness, and second consider that three as one exists in our everyday world.
After all, even Jesus said:
Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. – Mark 12:29
But He also allowed this:
Suddenly Jesus met them. “Greetings,” he said. They came to him, clasped his feet and worshiped him. – Matthew 28:9
How do we reconcile both divergent actions unless Jesus is God but God is still one?
Even if you do not include the New Testament passages that proclaim Jesus’ divinity (such as His forgiving sins) or are absolutely non-Trinitarian, it is still possible for you to believe that the Messiah is divine – Oneness doctrine simply holds that Jesus is a manifestation of the one God.
Hence, all the passages Kaleef K. Karim cites here fail to argue against Oneness doctrine type belief – his argument is designed to refute Trinitarianism, after all.
See also related:
On a cue from memories stirred by an unrelated discussion, I went back to One Piece’s Neptune – A Kingly Sacrifice: Christian and Muslim Views and re-read through the comments.
The original post aimed to illustrate the difference in worldview, philosophy and theology that leads to vast differences between Christian vs Muslim ways of thinking… To the point where we might hardly even understand one another and reach completely different conclusions about the same thing!
Here are a few excerpts that I found to poignantly demonstrate that difference (bolded emphasis added in these excerpts):
The major difference is that in Islam, man is not born with sin and he is accountable for his own deeds and misdeeds. And God is totally at liberty to decide who goes to Paradise and who doesn’t. If God were to decide that every man and woman who ever worshipped Him go to Hell instead of Paradise, that will be perfectly within His Infinite Wisdom and no human being has the right to object, ever. God is not held out to ransom simply because some half-naked dude died at the cross and was erroneously perceived to be His “son”.
And that’s another difference between Islam and Christianity….God has no kids in Islam and that does not detract from His Majesty one single iota.
Similarly, if God were to decide that anyone who believes He has a Son Who died for our sins will go to heaven – and anyone who does not believe is destined for hell – that is also within His infinite wisdom. It works both ways.
So of course God is not ‘held out to ransom’ – it is He Who suggested the swap in the first place.
And that’s another difference between Islam and Christianity….God has no kids in Islam and that does not detract from His Majesty one single iota.
Whereas in Christianity, God does have a one-and-only Son and that does not detract from His majesty – instead, it adds to it. Which is similar to the conclusion of this post in the first place.
In the Muslim mind, were such a situation similar to King Neptune’s were to arise, there would be no need for God to “jump in front of an opponent to sacrifice” Himself. In fact, He doesn’t need to do a thing to Save his servants. All it takes is kun faya kun, “Be, and it is!”
You’ve proven my illustration accurate – Hodi finds it incredulous that a king would do such a thing, just as you as a Muslim find it laughable that God would need to use the Christ to save humanity.
I would argue that we do in a certain sense find it “laughable”, but not because God in Islam is what you are implying and certainly not because God would not “bring Himself down to the level of His servants”. Its not however, the way how the manga Hodi is characterised and its certainly not the way how you have characterised it.
Hodi says such-and-such an act does not befit a king.
You say such-and-such an act does not befit an Almighty God.
Close enough to me.
Stepped out of the shower and I just realised why I find it deeply objectionable to characterise God in this way: what the characters King Neptune and Hodi represent are very human reactions in a situation like this, i.e hero versus villian. God Almighty is far beyond such characterisations of such human behaviour. Even if you were to characterise the Islamic version of God as the protagonist King Neptune, it will still be objectionable because what one would expect of human behaviour is not applicable to God. In short, neither the characters King Neptune NOR the character Hodi accurately defines God in the Muslim mind, because you have limited God to only two choices. God Almighty can Save His servants beyond what is conceivable by the human mind.
In other words, the God of Christianity (according to you) is limited only by human behaviourial responses as perceived by you, as that god can only do one thing or the other. The God of Islam is not bound by the limits of the human mind or behaviour. All it takes is: “Kun faya kun”, Be and it is!
That also explains why I don’t see any problem with it. The JudeoChristian understanding of God is that He is relatable to mere humans.
That we have emotions is based on our being made in God’s image – God in the Bible has emotions including anger, sadness and compassion. (And yes, that we have parent/child relationships is also based on the Father/Son relationship in the Trinity.)
But a friendship with God is an unthinkable/outrageous concept to Islam I suppose. Values Dissonance.
because you have limited God to only two choices. God Almighty can Save His servants beyond what is conceivable by the human mind.
I think you misunderstand our position, and have reversed the cause and effect. We don’t argue ‘God must save us through Christ because this is the only way that makes sense by our human comprehension’. Honestly, it defies human understanding. Rather, the reason we believe that God saves us through Christ is simply because that is what the Bible states. We then try to make the most sense of it as possible.
So we are actually similar to you in that the God of Christianity is not bound by the limits of the human mind or behaviour. However, He has stated via the Bible the way He plans to get things done. And who are we to argue otherwise? If God wants to save us through Christ or through a divine lottery or through a thousand reincarnations – be and it is! it’s God’s pregorative.
In fact, the same argument can be turned around to point at Islam. Why doesn’t Allah just purify people and let them into heaven? Why bother with Islam or the Five Pillars or repentance or good deeds? After all, as you said, all it takes is: “Kun faya kun”, Be and it is!
The answer to that would likely be, because that is the way it is, simple as that. The same response I just gave you on why YHWH works salvation through the Christ. So we are in fact on the same level footing here.
After that, no further replies appeared. In my memory I had thought that menj got fed up of trollish comments digging up his past, but looking back the thread just stopped.
It was an informative discussion nonetheless.
First, watch this quick video, ‘Jesus of the Quran is an Argument’ (on a tip from Zack T):
To summarize, the video contends that Jesus as portrayed by the Bible is a real person – complete with details about His personality, family, life and ministry, and surrounded by the context of the locales, culture, politics and historical events of the times.
Whereas Jesus as portrayed by the Quran (i.e. Nabi Isa) is a two-dimensional figure, excerpted and displaced from the Bible solely almost as an afterthought, for the purpose of one single argument – that God did not have a son that He sent to die for our sins.
Now allow me to expand further upon the differences between Jesus of the Bible and Isa of the Quran and Hadith.
As you might know, various accounts and events involving prophets of the One True God are found in both the Bible and the Quran & Hadith, albeit with different details. Superficial similarities like their names and most famous deeds aside, upon closer inspection the actual micro-details and macro-narrative are found to be wholly different.
The Islamic account – redacted and stripped of the rich context, history, allusions to other Biblical passages, and prophetic tradition found in the Biblical account – may be interesting as a little anecdote by itself. However, it does not have an overarching grand meaning. Nowhere is this more noticeable than the story of Jesus vs. the story of Isa.
To clarify: The entire Biblical narrative points/builds up towards the redemption through Jesus’ death and resurrection. Prophecies, parallels and foreshadowings of Jesus’ Messianic mission are sprinkled throughout the Old Testament. Even the earliest chapters – such as in Genesis with Adam’s sin affecting all humanity, and the prophecy of Eve’s offspring facing off against the serpent’s, or even (some say) the very names of the generations of Patriarchs – can have a Messianic application.
Thus not only does the lack of context surrounding Isa strip the story of its own epic meaning – it also reduces the epic meaning of other narratives as well! See the Abraham example below for an instance of what I am talking about.
So that having been said, allow me to explain why ‘Jesus of the Quran is Meaningless’ – or rather, ‘Isa of the Quran is Meaningless’ – by way of several examples, each of which hinges on the aforementioned roles of Jesus Christ vs. the non-roles of Al Masih Isa.
Abraham is Commanded to Sacrifice Isaac / Ibrahim is Commanded to Sacrifice His Son
The Biblical account has YHWH commanding Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac – the very son promised to him by YHWH as the first of descendants whose number would be uncountable. Heavy hearted but obedient, Abraham prepares to do so – still fully trusting by faith that somehow, YHWH would not break His promise to give him descendants. At the last minute, the sacrifice is stopped and a ram is provided instead. Abraham has proved his devotion to YHWH, that exceeds even his love for his own son. It is worth noting that Isaac would have been a young man by then, fully capable of overpowering his 100+ year old father, and thus must have also willingly agreed to give up his life.
The Islamic version has Allah asking Ibrahim to sacrifice his son, whose name is not stated but is generally taken to be Ismail (the Islamic version of Ishmael). Similar to the Biblical account, at the last minute the sacrifice is stopped. The son similarly submits willingly to Allah’s will that he be sacrificed. In Quran 37:107-109 it says, “And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice” but does not mention exactly what the ransom was, so the Biblical ram has no parallel in the Quranic account.
Within the Biblical narrative, the parallel of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice Isaac, his ‘only son’ (as Ishmael was conceived not through YHWH’s promise) is clear to see – it is a foreshadowing of YHWH’s willingness to sacrifice His only son, Jesus. Like Isaac, Jesus was willing to go along with the sacrifice planned by His father. Abraham’s sacrifice of Isaac was replaced with a ram provided by YHWH – another parallel to Jesus being the ‘lamb of God’.
Additionally, the whole idea of sacrifice has roots deep in the Jewish/Mosaic tradition of atoning blood sacrifice for sins, where a life is given as a substitution for one’s sins. This tradition is non-existant in Islam, the only sacrifice of an animal being sacrificed is Eid al-Adha – to commemorate the very event of Ibrahim being willing to sacrifice his son.
That matter of atoning, substitutionary sacrifice actually leads me to my next example…
The Virgin Birth
The Biblical accounts has Mary conceiving Jesus without aid from a man – ‘the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name God-With-Us’ as Isaiah 7:14 prophesies.
The Islamic account similarly has Mariyam conceiving Isa without aid from a man. No applicable prophecy is mentioned.
In Christianity, the reason for the virgin birth of Jesus is due to Adam’s sin which has been passed down through all generations of humanity (Romans 5:12). But Jesus, not conceived by a human father, is free from this hereditary ‘original sin’ – thus able to truly be a ‘sacrifice without blemish’ (Hebrews 9:14; compare sacrifices in Mosaic law). Furthermore, paralleling Adam’s condemnation of all humanity through one man’s sin, Jesus saves all of humanity through one man’s sacrifice (Romans 5:17).
What is the significance and meaning of the virgin birth of Isa, if he is not meant to be a flawless redemptive sacrifice? After all, every other nabi was also perfect and given the ability to be free from sin by Allah, or so Islam says. What purpose does being born of a virgin signify?
The Christ, The Messiah
Christ and Messiah both mean the same thing – ‘anointed one’, that is, one who is chosen by God to be priest (Exodus 28:41) or king (1st Samuel 16:12-13). In Jesus’ case, it is both simultaneously.
Now, in the Bible there is a TREMENDOUS amount of Messianic prophecy! At least 129 different prophecies in 300 passages, by one count. This gives a very detailed and specific list of criteria the Messiah would need to fulfil – everything from birthplace, to actions in life, to method of death and burial, and especially various attributes (e.g. divinity, purpose, sacrifice).
By contrast, the Islamic account merely mentions that Isa is the Al Masih, which is translated to ‘the Messiah’ (you can see the word similarities). Further than that, it is totally devoid of any deeper meaning. What is a ‘Masih’? What role does he fulfil, what greater purpose does he carry out that ‘normal’ prophets do not, what importance does he have? Even the Dajjal (anti-Christ) has a more detailed description in Islamic scripture!
But wait – to be fair, the Islamic accounts do state some things that Isa supposedly would do as a ‘sign’:
“And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): “‘I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah’s leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe; – Quran 003.049
Okay, so clay birds becoming living birds, the blind seeing, lepers being healed, the dead raised back to life… These are all signs. Fair enough.
Now compare the Biblical account:
When John, who was in prison, heard about the deeds of the Messiah, he sent his disciples to ask him, “Are you the one who is to come, or should we expect someone else?” Jesus replied, “Go back and report to John what you hear and see: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is proclaimed to the poor. – Matthew 11:2-4
Quite similar to the Islamic account, yes? It is even more direct in its linking specific miracles to Messiahhood, to the point that Jesus gives His ‘résumé’ as an answer to John the Baptist’s asking whether He is the Messiah.
John, as a true prophet of YHWH, would have recognized Jesus’ laying claim to these passages:
Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped. Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy. – Isaiah 35:5-6
In that day the deaf shall hear the words of the book, And the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity and out of darkness. The humble also shall increase their joy in the LORD, And the poor among men shall rejoice In the Holy One of Israel. – Isaiah 29:18-19
Hear, you deaf; And look, you blind, that you may see. – Isaiah 42:18
But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust wake up and shout for joy—
your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead. – Isaiah 26:19
The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. – Isaiah 61:1
The part about curing leprosy doesn’t seem to be in any Messianic prophecy, but compare it to how Naaman was healed of leprosy – he had to sumberge himself in the river, just like how John was baptizing people who repented of their sins.
So where is the context or references for the Islamic list of signs? Is it from the Torah, which according to another passage has been ‘corrupted’ by the Jews and Christians? And what is the reference for transforming a clay bird into living flesh (a story that comes from the Gnostic originated, apocryphal Infancy Gospel)? Oh wait, I can think of one – it’s YHWH breathing into dust to create Adam. But wouldn’t this be in contradiction to the Islamic insistence that Jesus is not in any way divine?
All that aside, what about all the other attributes of the Messiah?
In summary, it seems that the title ‘Messiah’ was simply plucked out and re-applied without any true comprehension of the deep and meaningful roles and responsibilities that come with the title. It’s a case of MINO, Messiah In Name Only.
To be snarky, it’s like someone being ‘President of the USA’ so he can make grand speeches, shake hands with world leaders and relax at Camp David – but without aiming to take up the responsibility of actual leading, including making hard or unpopular decisions in tough circumstances. (No prizes for guessing who exactly I’m alluding to here!)
In conclusion, even from just the above examples, the scant mention of Isa in the Quran fails to draw any deeper meaning. Of course this fits with the Islamic view that Isa was ‘just another prophet’, maybe a little more consequential than others who came before… But the many incidental details that are present in the Quranic accounts seem to be transferred from the Biblical accounts with none of the corresponding (and very important) context.
Whereas in the New Testament, we find the life and teachings, the death and resurrection, the ascension and subsequent guidance of Jesus fully fleshed out… And through that, we learn that the entirety of the Old Testament also bears witness to Jesus’ redemptive act in the form of prophecy, foreshadowing and typology.
Or can anyone educate me otherwise?
See also more along these lines at Do Islam and the Quran Have Typological Connections to the Old Testament?
After all, if Islam is supposed to be the conclusion and replacement of Judaism and Christianity, then it should have wider, deeper and more plentiful types and foreshadowing in the Old Testament that point toward its prophet… Right?
Compared to Christianity, which places Jesus Christ as the fulfilment of the entire Old Testament – particularly prophecies, types and foreshadowing (Colossians 2:17) leading to Himself.
Of course you have the hundred plus prophetic passages that were specifically fulfilled by Jesus.
Which includes OT books that were written at the very minimum 122 years before Jesus was born on earth.
Or like the various festivals ordained by God in Leviticus 23, and how they are types of the New Testament… Such as the Passover where a perfect, firstborn, male lamb’s blood saves from physical death and none of its bones are broken (Exodus 12:46, Numbers 9:12) typifying Christ the sinless Lamb of God’s blood saving from spiritual death and none of His bones were broken while on the cross (Psalm 34:19-20 John 19:31-36). I mean, what is the purpose and significance of not breaking the Passover lamb’s bones which would let you get at the juicy marrow? Without pointing to Christ, it’s meaningless and confusing.
Or the Festival of Firstfruits where the first and best of the harvest is offered to God on the first Sunday following Passover typofying Jesus returning to life on the Sunday after Passover, as the firstfruits and firstborn from the dead and resurrected (1st Corinthians 15:20-23, Colossians 1:18).
And there are countless acts and events that seem to be arbitrary or make no sense, unless they are put into the context of prophetic typology leading to Christ… Such as Moses being commanded by God to produce water from the rock on two separate occasions. The first time he was commanded to strike it (Exodus 17:1-7), the second time merely to speak to it (Numbers 20:1-13). However Moses, in anger and frustration at the stubborn Israelites, instead struck the rock twice the second time. God punished his disobedient act by barring him from leading the Israelites into the Promised Land.
Why such a harsh sentence for Moses? Was it just for his (very rare) disobedience and temper? Especially when he was commanded the first time to strike, but ‘arbitrarily’ the second time to speak instead? This always seemed to me to be missing something.
Here is the something: Moses’ acts were supposed to foreshadow Jesus Christ as the solid rock (Psalm 27:5, Matthew 7:24-27, Matthew 16:18) who gives us living water (John 4:13-14) that is the Holy Spirit (John 7:38-39). Christ was struck down only once (1st Peter 3:18), and after that promises the Father will give the Holy Spirit when Jesus merely asks. What Moses did with his brief flaring of anger was to spoil God’s carefully considered typology of Christ’s sacrifice bringing the Holy Spirit!
Or Abraham’s near-sacrifice of a Isaac, and how God stopped him at the last moment only to provide a male sheep for the sacrifice instead. In Christianity, Abraham’s near-sacrifice of his only son of promise is a type of God’s sacrifice of His only son Jesus on the cross – and just as God provided the male sheep in the place of Isaac, He did not spare to provide Christ as the sacrificial lamb – who by the way is descended from the line of Isaac, not Ishmael. More typological symbolism can be found at the lists here and here.
By contrast, what prophetic or typological significance is there in the Islamic analogue of Ibrahim near-sacrificing Ismail???
So, anyone can educate me on the case for Islam as the typological inheritor and prophetic fulfilment of the Old Testament? If you can outnumber the New Testament fulfilments I’d be impressed, since Islam is supposed to supplant Christianity as the completion of the God’s revelation! It shouldn’t be that hard… After all, the entire Quran is about the length of the New Testament, and you can add all the various Hadith as well.
Jesus said in Matt 5:20, For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.
Islam tries to be that, ‘more righteous than the Pharisees’, with their expanding and deepening of the OT-style Mosaic law.
Islam just offers more of the old.
Just came across an old draft blog post and realized some of the content above I had actually fleshed out already. I now release that complementary draft here:
Where you will find the following ruminations:
- The whole idea of sacrifice has roots deep in the Jewish/Mosaic tradition of atoning blood sacrifice for sins, where a life is given as a substitution for one’s sins. This tradition is non-existant in Islam. What meaning is there in Ibraham’s near-sacrifice of his son then?
- What is the significance and meaning of the virgin birth of Isa, if he is not meant to be a flawless redemptive sacrifice?
- The Islamic account merely mentions that Isa is the Al Masih, which is translated to ‘the Messiah’ (you can see the word similarities). Further than that, it is totally devoid of any deeper meaning. What is a ‘Masih’? What role does he fulfil?
And as stated via Gates of Vienna:
One should be careful, therefore, not to make an implicit analogy between what one calls, with an expression that besides is quite superficial, the ‘three monotheisms.’ Islam is not to Christianity (not even to Christianity and to Judaism) what Christianity is to Judaism. Admittedly, in both cases, the mother religion rejects the legitimacy of the daughter religion. And in both cases the daughter religion turned on its mother religion. But on the level of principles, the attitude toward the mother religion is not the same. While Islam rejects the authenticity of the documents on which Judaism and Christianity are founded, Christianity, in the worst case, recognizes at least that the Jews are the faithful guardians of a text that it considers as sacred as the text which is properly its own. In this way, the relationship of secondarity toward a preceding religion is found between Christianity and Judaism and between these two alone.
IN FACT, even the Quran affirms that the New Testament is a confirmation of the Old Testament!
And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous. – Sura 5:46
See also another contrast, One Piece’s Neptune – A Kingly Sacrifice: Christian and Muslim Views… And an agreement, Walad and Ibn: Christianity Agrees With Islam, God Did Not Have a Son (Sexually).
If gay marriage is legal, permissible, acceptable, respectable, laudable… Then many of the arguments used to support it apply equally so, or even more so, to polygamy.
Polygamy, like gay marriage, is between consensual (and ostensibly adult) parties.
Polygamy, like gay marriagee, ‘doesn’t hurt anyone’.
Polygamy has been practised and even instituted throughout human history across multiple cultures… Unlike gay marriage which was completely unheard of until very recent times.
Polygamy is sanctioned by Islam and was formerly permissible in ancient Biblical history… Unlike gay marriage and any form of homosexual activity which is forbidden by all three Abrahamic faiths. (Wait, don’t tell me you’re gonna be all Islamophobic and oppose polygamy while supporting homosexuality?!!)
Polygamy can be argued to possibly provide the same benefits towards children, families and society as monogamous marriage… Unlike gay marriage.
So drawing from the advances hard-won by proponents of homosexuality…
Each of a person’s multiple spouses should receive full partner benefits, just as same-sex partners do.
Students attending proms must be allowed to bring all their multiple partners, just as homosexual students are allowed to bring a partner of the same gender. And selecting only one prom king/queen/in-between must be considered mono-normatively discriminatory.
If you don’t support it (especially if you do support gay marriage), I have only this to say: WHY ARE YOU SUCH HATEFUL BIGOTS?!!! YOU BACKWARDS POLYGAMOPHOBES!!! FUTURE, MORE ENLIGTHTENED GENERATIONS WILL LOOK DOWN UPON YOU IN THE DUSTBIN OF HISTORY!!!
And speaking of the slippery slope, from The Gospel Coalition:
5. Legalizing same-sex marriage will lead to the legalization of “marriage” in other cases.
If marriage is a contract based primarily on romantic feelings, why should the state discriminate against brothers and sisters who wish to marry? If a bisexual insists on the need for both a male and a female spouse in order to be satisfied, why should the law discriminate in favor of couples instead of threesomes?
(Think this is far-fetched? Brazil already has a case on the books: a civil union for a trio. The notary cited the changing definition of marriage and family as justification. This columnist from the UK agrees. Why resist?)
Those in favor of same-sex marriage say traditional marriage laws are discriminatory. If we apply the same standard across the board, we must admit same-sex marriage is discriminatory too. Any law that regulates marriage establishes limits. Discussing marriage laws should prompt us to ask the question no one is asking: just what is marriage anyway?
UPDATE: Hypothetical? What hypothetical? Three lesbians are married to each other.
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