Joshua Hooi’s recent postings about Theology have inspired me, revved me up to share some of my discoveries regarding Scipture. Not to compete, mind you! 😐
I try my best to make the following understandable, interesting and easily readable. I hope it ministers to you, or at least makes you realize how COOL God is!
Read the following verses, taken from Matthew 22:41-46…
While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “ The Son of David.” He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying: “The LORD said to my Lord,“ Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”? If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.
Jesus was directly quoting and referencing David, composer of many of the Psalms. Specifically, it was…
Psalm 110:1 – The LORD said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”
Now this rightly stumped the Pharisees. Who is David calling ‘Lord’? It has to be God Almighty – The Lord being a way of addressing God. Even taken as a generic ‘lord’, who could King David (ruler of all Israel, which at the time bows to no foreign nation) possibly address as ‘lord’ except the only one higher ranking than himself, that is, God? Therefore, the Messiah who is David’s son is at the same time his Lord – God!
But that’s just the introduction of my little Bible study…
From the Psalm, you get this very odd case of God saying to God: “Sit at my right hand…” That’s like me saying to myself: “Yo there myself! Sit at the right hand of myself, myself!” I must be totally schizophrenic to be addressing myself, and then expect to be able to sit NEXT TO myself!
But let’s delve deeper into the proper names of God. In Hebrew, He is directly addressed in three ways: YHWH (translated as Yahweh, or LORD in all capitals), Adonai (translated as Lord with only L capital), or Elohim (translated as God). When YHWH and Adonai occur together, it is translated as Sovereign LORD.
Each of these names refer to our Creator God, but carry different connotations and are used intentionally at specific times in the Bible. I’ll go into that some other time, it’s worth knowing.
Now let’s take a fresh look at the Psalm Jesus was quoting:
Psalm 110:1 – YHWH says to Adonai: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”
Listen to that. YHWH says to Adonai… WOW! I mean, WOW! Because if you believe that Jesus is God in the flesh, and accept the concept of the Trinity (see one of my earliest posts), then suddenly it makes incredible sense.
One of member of the Trinity (the Father, YHWH/LORD) is saying to another of the Trinity (the Son, Adonai/Lord which is how the disciples referred to Jesus): “Sit at my right hand…” WOW!!!
It is still God speaking to God, but it doesn’t sound retarded this way. You can see it so clearly when you use the Hebrew terms. Imagine King David’s awe, and perhaps confusion, upon receiving the inspiration for this Psalm. Yet in full faith and obedience, he composed the Psalm without questioning God’s sanity!
Well, I hope you’ve been ministered to (or at least, discovered something WOW! about the Bible). May your faith in the divinity of the Messiah and the reality of the Holy Trinity receive more and more evidence. Until next time!
A Minor Dilemma with NIV
Normally, I use the NIV. But for this discussion, I’ve quoted the NKJV. Why? There seems to be a minor ‘dilemma’ if you use the NIV… Compare that Psalm, with what the Gospel of Matthew records Jesus as saying in the NIV:
‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.” ‘
Notice, that it isn’t YHWH said to Adonai, but Adonai said to Adonai. Did the NIV translators slip up? What does the actual Greek say in the Gospel of Matthew (not looking back at the Psalm and ‘correcting’ the Greek texts from there)?
Footnote: There are opposing views. I firmly believe it is good to ‘test all things’ rather than shut your mind and suck your thumb to other lines of thinking, at least so that you know how firm your own beliefs are. One alternative non-Trinity explanation is at http://www.mindspring.com/~anthonybuzzard/BD86.htm, and another which delves into the usage of Hebrew words is at Focus on the Kingdom.